Wednesday, July 09, 2003

How to stop nose bleeds

A few days ago, my niece suddenly had two nosebleeds. It's been years since I experienced though so I completely forgot how to treat those. So I searched for some tips in the net just in case it happens again. I'll compile more as I find them.

A nosebleed can usually be stopped in a matter of minutes. Here are some tips to stop a nosebleed:

Sit up and lean forward so you don't have to swallow the blood. Have a basin available so you can spit out any blood that drains into your throat. Swallowed blood is irritating to the stomach and can cause nausea or vomiting.

Apply pressure by squeezing the soft part of the nose.
First blow your nose to free any large clots that might interfere with applying pressure. Then tightly pinch the soft parts of the nose against the center wall for 10 minutes. Don't release the pressure until 10 minutes are up. If the bleeding continues, you may not be pressing on the right spot. During this time, you will have to breathe through your mouth.

After 10 to 15 minutes, check if your nose is still bleeding.

If you're still bleeding then apply direct pressure to your nose again for another 10 to 15 minutes.

Usually a nosebleed will stop after 10 to 30 minutes. If you do not stop bleeding seek medical attention immediately.

Apply an ice pack to the bridge of the nose to constrict the blood vessels.

Refrain from blowing your nose (up to 12 hours) as this can begin the bleeding all over again.

Rest and relax for the next few hours.

Call a professional if:

If the bleeding hasn't stopped within 30 minutes of applying direct pressure to the bridge of your nose

If blood is running down your throat after 30 minutes of direct pressure on the bridge of your nose

If your nose is broken

Common mistakes in treating nosebleed

A cold washcloth applied to the forehead, bridge of the nose, back of the neck, or under the upper lip does not help stop nosebleeds.
Pressing on the bony part of the nose does not help stop nosebleeds.

Try to avoid packing the nose with anything because when it is removed, the nose usually starts bleeding again.


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